Tesla operates a number of manufacturing facilities.
The 11th character of each vehicle's VIN shows which factory it was manufactured in.
||Lotus Cars||Hethel, UK||Roadster 2008||2006‒2008||1,487||Manufactured by Tesla in England|
||Menlo Park||California, US||Roadster 2008||Final assembly of gliders originally manufactured at Lotus Cars in Hethel, England|
||Tesla Factory||Fremont, California, US||Model S,Model X,Model 3, Model Y, [[Roadster 2020)]
|Giga Nevada (Gigafactory 1)||Storey County, Nevada||Vehicle sub-assembly, batteries and the Tesla Powerwall.|
|Giga New York (Gigafactory 2)||New York||Solar Panels, Solar Roof, Solar Inverter|
||Giga Shanghai (Gigafactory 3)||Shanghai, China||Model 3, Model Y||2019||2,000|
|Giga Berlin (Gigafactory 4/ Gigafactory Berlin-Brandenburg)||Grünheide, Germany||2021 (Future)||10,000+||Tesla Model Y, Model 3, Model 2 (Future)||Mega rave cave under the Berlin Gigafactory, suggested by Elon Musk on Twitter and confirmed in an interview at Giga Berlin.|
|Tilburg||Tilburg, Netherlands||Model S, Model X||2013||500||Final assembly of major components from USA|
|Giga Texas||Austin, Texas||Tesla Semi, City Bus, Cybertruck, Model 3, Model Y
Tesla’s mission is to accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy through increasingly affordable electric vehicles and renewable energy generation and storage systems. At the heart of these products are batteries.
Tesla has seen enormous demand for energy products and electric vehicles. Today, there are more than 350,000 Tesla vehicles on the roads worldwide, and we’ve installed over 1 GWh of energy storage across the globe.
The Gigafactory was born out of necessity and will supply enough batteries to support Tesla’s projected demand. In mid-2018, battery production at Gigafactory 1 reached an annualized rate of roughly 20 GWh, making it the highest-volume battery plant in the world. Tesla currently produces more batteries in terms of kWh than all other carmakers combined. With the Gigafactory ramping up production, Tesla’s cost of battery cells will significantly decline through economies of scale, innovative manufacturing, reduction of waste, and the simple optimization of locating most manufacturing processes under one roof.
Gigafactory Facts & Figures Land Total Land Area: 3,200 acres Biggest building in the world by footprint at 5.8 million square feet when compete The footprint of the completed Gigafactory will equate to about 101 football fields. Construction Tesla broke ground on June 26, 2014. The current structure has a footprint of more than 1.9 million square feet, which houses more than 4.9 million square feet of operational space across several floors. This represents about 30% of the total finished Gigafactory. Once complete, we expect the Gigafactory to be the biggest building in the world. The factory is being built in phases so that we can begin manufacturing immediately inside the finished portions and, more importantly, adjust for improved learning as we build additional space. Production The Gigafactory production line is extremely flexible and will allow for production changes inside the factory as battery technology and architecture change over the next decades. The Gigafactory manufactures battery cells, modules, and other components aimed to reduce costs, ensure a stable supply, and expand Tesla’s business accordingly. The Gigafactory currently produces Model 3 electric motors and battery packs, in addition to Tesla’s energy products, Powerwall and Powerpack. Battery Cells The Gigafactory is producing a Tesla/Panasonic designed and engineered cell called a “2170 cell,” as the diameter is 21mm in x 70mm in height. The cell offers the best optimization of performance metrics needed for an EV at the lowest production cost. The size also works well for other large battery packs, such as Tesla’s energy products, Powerwall and Powerpack. Production of 2170 cells for qualification started in December 2016 and mass production began in January 2017. The cells coming off the line today are used in Model 3 and Tesla’s energy products, Powerwall and Powerpack. Employment By bringing cell production to the U.S., Tesla will create thousands of more American jobs. Tesla continues to show an overwhelming commitment to the Nevada workforce, well beyond the state’s requirement that 50% of employees be Nevada residents. Nevadans currently average about 91% of the workforce at the Gigafactory. At peak production, the Gigafactory will employ 6,500 people and eventually as many as 10,000 employees. Indirectly, the Gigafactory will create between 20,000 to 30,000 additional jobs in the surrounding regions. Energy use and recycling The Gigafactory is designed to be a net-zero energy factory upon completion. It will not consume any fossil fuels – there is no natural gas piped to the site nor are there permanent diesel generators being used to provide power. Emergency backup is fed from various electric sources, including renewable energy and storage products. The entire roof of the Gigafactory will be covered in solar array, and installation is already underway. Power not consumed during the day will be stored via Tesla Powerpacks for use when needed. To use water efficiently, the Gigafactory will have its own water recycling and treatment facility. The Gigafactory’s closed-loop water supply system uses numerous different treatment systems to efficiently recirculate water. Construction is underway for an on-site recycling facility that will safely reprocess all types of Tesla battery cells, modules, and packs for reuse in new cells or non-toxic solid waste by-product. They will eventually be returned to the Gigafactory at the end of their lifecycle, where components can be broken down and recycled to be used in new energy products.